header text la EM

Paciente ficticio con fines ilustrativos.

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¿Cuántos tipos de esclerosis múltiple existen?

En 2013, el Comité Asesor Internacional de Ensayos Clínicos definió cuatro tipos de esclerosis múltiple (EM)1,2:


1 Lublin FD, Coetzee T, Cohen JA, Marrie RA, Thompson AJ; International Advisory Committee on Clinical Trials in MS. The 2013 clinical course descriptors for multiple sclerosis: A clarifcation. Neurology. 2020;94(24):1088-1092.

2 Thompson AJ, Banwell BL, Barkhof F, Carroll WM, Coetzee T, Comi G, et al. Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis: 2017 revisions of the McDonald criteria. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17(2):162-173.

3 Grzegorski T, Losy J. What do we currently know about the clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis? An update. Rev Neurosci. 2020;31(3):335-349.

4 Lublin FD, Reingold SC, Cohen JA, Cutter GR, Sørensen PS, Thompson AJ, et al. Defning the clinical course of multiple sclerosis: the 2013 revisions. Neurology. 2014;83(3):278-86.

5 MS National Multiple Sclerosis Society [internet]. Types of MS. Disponible en: https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/Types-of-MS. Fecha de acceso: marzo 2022

6 Esclerosis Múltiple España [internet]. Tipos de Esclerosis Múltiple. Disponible en: https://esclerosismultiple.com/esclerosis-multiple/tipos-de-esclerosis-multiple/. Fecha de acceso: marzo 2022

7 Alonso R, Eizaguirre MB, Zavala L, Pita C, Silva B, Garcea O. Changes in the Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Paradigm. What Do We Do Now and What Were We Doing Before?. J Clin Neurol. 2018;14(4):487-491.

8 Gross HJ, Watson C. Characteristics, burden of illness, and physical functioning of patients with relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis: a cross-sectional US survey. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2017;13:1349-1357.

9 MS National Multiple Sclerosis Society [internet]. Diagnosing SPMS. Disponible en: https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/Types-of-MS/Secondary-progressive-MS/Diagnosing-Secondary-Progressive-MS. Fecha de acceso: marzo 2022

10 MS National Multiple Sclerosis Society [internet]. Secondary progressive MS (SPMS). Disponible en: https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/Types-of-MS/Secondary-progressive-MS. Fecha de acceso: marzo 2022

11 Ghasemi N, Razavi S, Nikzad E. Multiple Sclerosis: Pathogenesis, Symptoms, Diagnoses and Cell-Based Therapy. Cell J. 2017;19(1):1-10.

12 MS National Multiple Sclerosis Society [internet]. Primary progressive MS (PPMS). Disponible en: https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/Types-of-MS/Primary-progressive-MS Fecha de acceso: marzo 2022

13 Asociación Española de EM, Confederación Española de Personas con Discapacidad Física y Orgánica (AEDEM COCEMFE). Tipos de Esclerosis Múltiple. Disponible en: https://aedem.org/esclerosis-m%C3%BAltiple/tipos-de-esclerosis-m%C3%BAltiple. Fecha de acceso: marzo 2022

14 Ribbons KA, McElduff P, Boz C, Trojano M, Izquierdo G, Duquette P, et al. Male Sex Is Independently Associated with Faster Disability Accumulation in Relapse-Onset MS but Not in Primary Progressive MS. PLoS One. 2015;10(6):e0122686.